Overview of Thyroid

We shall first discuss some important aspects of the thyroid and parathyroid gland (together called the thyroids)

What is Thyroid Gland?

Thyroid gland is located in the front part of the lower neck, is shaped like a bow tie or butterfly.It produces thyroid hormones (thyroxin and tri-iodothyronine). These hormones control the rate at which cells burn fuels from food to produce energy.

Functioning of the Thyroid

The production and release of thyroid hormones is controlled by thyrotropin which is secreted by pituitary gland.The more thyroid hormone there is in a person’s blood stream, faster chemical reactions occur in the body.Thyroid hormones help kids and teens develop strong bones. They also play a major role in the development of the brain and the nervous system.Attached to the thyroid are four tiny glands (functioning together), called parathyroid gland. They release parathyroid hormone. The parathyroid hormone regulates level of calcium in blood using calcitonin produced in thyroid.

Faulty thyroids give rise to severe metabolic disorders which manifest in physical body in the form of very sluggish body, high weight gains, slowing down of heart rate, constipation etc or reverse of all of these.

Types of Thyroid Hormones

The principal thyroid hormones are traditionally known are

T3 (tri-iodothyronine)

T4 (thyroxin)

TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone)

Malfunctioning of the Thyroid

Hypothyroidism is associated with lower generation of thyroxin while in hyperthyroidism it is generated in excess.

Hypothyroid condition is associated with increased risk for high generation of LDL and hence for heart diseases.

T4 (thyroxin) is greater than T3 (tri-iodothyronine) but T3 (tri-iodothyronine) is four times more potent. The body converts T4 to T3 as per needs. The generation of these hormones is controlled by thyrotropin which is secreted by pituitary gland.

How to Correct Thyroid Problems

Thus by ensuring proper working of pituitary gland, we can ensure proper generation of thyroid hormones.We have seen this in our previous article How Breath directly energizes the glands in the brain-Human Endocrine System

Pranayama yoga therefore is capable of curing thyroid problems.

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